The island of Singapore is situated at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, to which it is connected by a causeway which pass a road, railway and water supply. The width of the Johor Straits between the island and the peninsula is about 1 km away. The Republic of Singapore consists of some 64 islands. The country consists of plains with some hills, Bukit Timah being the highest point at 163 m. In the northeast of the island, large space were identified, and most of the jungle and swamp covering the original low-altitude areas has been cleared.
The four official languages are Malay (the national language), English, Chinese (Mandarin) and Tamil. Most Singaporeans are bilingual and speak English used in business and administration.