Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt , is a country located mostly in the north-east on the south coast of the eastern Mediterranean Africa: the Levantine Basin , only the north-eastern part of Egyptian territory consists the Sinai Peninsula is in Asia. The current Egypt occupies the geographical area that was once one of ancient Egypt .
With over 86 million inhabitants , Egypt is the third most populous country in Africa after Nigeria and Ethiopia. Very strong growth , its population has quadrupled in sixty years .
Its capital is Cairo . While the official language is Arabic , the language is Egyptian ( Arabic dialect ) . The Siwan - Tamazight (Berber) in western countries - is still spoken in Siwa . Coptic , he survives as the liturgical language of Egyptian Christians . As for the Nubian , it remains a language spoken by the inhabitants of Upper Egypt, Aswan , a region commonly known as Nubia. Its currency is the Egyptian pound.